The Manuscript of a Sonderkommando member of the Nazi death camps in Auschwitz was read by a digital imaging process – BBC News reported.
Marcel Nadjari, a Jewish Greek captive of Auschwitz, reported on how thousands of Jews were driven to the gas chamber daily by the camp guard.
In 1944, his 26-year-old male fellow slaves learned that his parents and sister-in-law had been assassinated in a concentration camp in Auschwitz-Birkenau in southern Poland, a year earlier.
Nadjari was a member of the Sonderkommando of the camp, they burned the corpses of the prisoners killed in the gas chambers. Because he knew the Nazi manners, he knew it was only a matter of time when he was doing it.
In November 1944, his 13-page manuscript was placed in a thermos with a plastic lid. The thermostat was dug in a leather case beside the crematorium No. 3 of the camp.
“The crematorium is a large chimney, a large building with 15 cremation kitchens. There are two huge cellars under the garden, one of them is detained and the other is the gas chamber. they close the door and gasify them. They drown after six to seven minutes of suffering, “read the manuscript.
He also described how the Nazi tubes were placed in the gas chamber to look out for the shower.
“The gas tanks were always brought with the German Red Cross, accompanied by two men of the SS, through the openings of the chamber, the gas was released into the basement, our work started half an hour later, the dead body of innocent women and children was transported to the elevator, “Nadjari wrote.
He noted that an adult victim had roughly 640 grams of ashes.
It turns out that he was expecting the camp to die, his message, which would have been a sure death if SS found it, intended for the outside world.
Thirty-six years later, a Polish boy burst into the thermos accidentally about 40 centimeters deep underground.
Nadjari survived Auschwitz and Mauthausen in a miraculous way to which he was transferred when the Third Reich collapsed.
He became married after the war and moved to New York in 1951. First they had a little boy, then a daughter, who was named after Nelli after his sister.
Nadjari was a merchant in Thessaloniki before the war, and he became a tailor in America. In 1971, aged 53, nine years before his manuscript was discovered.
Only ten percent of the text was read on heavily damaged paper in damp ground. Russian historian Pavel Poljan has decided to use the modern technology to restore the writing.
“Such rare, direct evidence is key to documenting the Holocaust,” Poljan said.
In November this year, the Modern History Institute of Munich published the results of Poljan’s research. The scientist is working on the second edition of his Russian-language book on Sonderkommando, including Nadjari’s notes.
Poljan received the scanned images of Nadjari’s manuscript from the archives of the Auschwitz Museum. When he talked about a poor state of records in a Russian radio, a young Russian computer scientist, Alekszander Nyikityaev offered his help.
The IT scientist has experimented with a digital imaging program for a year using red, green and blue filters to restore unreadable text. The so-called multispectral analysis used by the police and the secret services made the procedure really effective.
Poljan asked a Greek-British scholar in Germany, Ioannis Karras, to translate the text from Greek to English.
The Russian historian told the BBC he was astonished at how Nadjari had accurately estimated the number of Auschwitz victims: he wrote 1.4 million. According to historians, more than 1.1 million Jews died in the huge camp, and some 300,000 Polish and Soviet prisoners of war were killed there.
Approximately 110 survived the Sonderkommando, most of whom were Polish Jews who wanted to erase the memory of horrors, so few people wrote about the events.
Source: MTI / Image: atv.hu /