After the loss of the Crimean War, the Russian Navy was in a disastrous state. Their warships were banned from the Black Sea, the tsar lost the estuary of the Danube and had to force Alaska to compensate for the losses, which was sold for $ 7.2 million to the Americans with a bag-trap.
The Russians could legitimize him to lose the arms race against Sweden and America and not receive naval orders. They needed something powerful, something killer; a ship that emits raw power and superiority, and can smash the offensive forces on Russian rivers immediately.
The Czar entrusted the newly-appointed Anderj Alexandrovich Popov counter-commander with the oversight of the dry dock and the design of new ships. Popov himself served in the Crimean War so he knew what the nation needed. To do so, he asked for a help from a Glasgow ship planner, John Elder.
And a circular warship was born.
Popov originally wanted to produce ten ships, but he only ran out of the budget; one was named Novgorod and the other Popov. There were minor differences between them, but they were roughly the same: both vessels had 2491 tonnes, 30.8 meters in diameter and 3.7 meters in depth. The ships were protected by a 12-16 centimeter thick armor; their weaponry consisted of two 26-tonne 11-inch cannons, two guns, and 16 machine guns. The boats were driven by six engines, each with its own propeller and rudder; the boilers and the mechanics occupied most of the deck.
But why are they circles?
Because, as Popov and Elder noticed, he could have as much weapon as possible on board, and because of the low dive depth, he had little to spend on the armor. The steering wheel and the propeller ensured circular motion, so they could quickly respond to the oncoming attacks.
Then the sixth grade physics put it all in.
Popov and Elder did not take into account the effects of the centrifugal force: when a cannon was fired, popova began to rotate circularly, as the ship was named. As the ship floated on the water, the resistance to the ground barely suppressed the rebounds of the cannons, so that the ship changed to a centrifuge every shot. With the propellers and the propeller this could be offset somewhat, but they were still underdeveloped for the task; this method worked only in quiet waters like the River Néva.
The recharging of the guns lasted for 12 minutes, and they could hardly be targeted to them (before the whole ship had to be moved because the cannons were fixed) and the speed of the vehicles was only half of the planned. It is likely that the crew systematically cursed both the dumb counter-master and his Scottish buddy because they did not think of them at the planning stage and almost cooked alive in the badly ventilated hull.
In the next Russian-Turkish War (1877-1878), the Popov had not been unloaded, only anchored on the shore – they were able to prevent the ship from becoming fired after fire. The fleets of the fleet became defensive devices that have never been used in a sharp position. After they did not enter the Danube flotilla, they were withdrawn from circulation in 1893 and were scrapped in 1912.
Popov, however, did not become disgraced; Later, he designed the Tsar’s yacht, the Livadia, which was completed in 1880, which was traced to the design of circular battleships. But this was much safer, at least to the then ruler, II. Sándor did not die in a ship accident, but a terrorist threw a bomb.