A record number of cases have been finalized last year at the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), and parallel the number of pending petitions has declined significantly in recent years, according to a report by the Strasbourg Court on Wednesday.
A panel of judges working under the auspices of the Council of Europe (ET) managed 3691 cases last year, a significant increase compared to 2016 and 2037 in 2015. The number of contingencies dropped to 7584 from the previous 9941 and the peak of 11,099 in 2012.
The ECtHR has reported that there are around 1400 major procedures dealing with “important structural problems” among these pending cases.
According to the information, growth is due inter alia to organizational reforms and enhanced cooperation with national authorities.
As has been said, significant progress has been made in some countries over longstanding issues, overcrowding in prisons, prolonged legal proceedings and police overcapacity, but important issues are still to be resolved.
Most new complaints came from Russia (370), Turkey (138), Romania (110) and Ukraine (109) last year, while Hungary received 61 complaints.
The number of cases closed is tormented by Italy (2001) followed by Hungary (296), Russia (254) and Romania (144).
According to experts, the significantly higher number of closed cases in Hungary is explained by the fact that new remedial procedures have been introduced in Hungary in cases of overcrowding in prisons that can be used to remedy the grievances of complainants in Hungary.
Russia 1689, Turkey 1446, Ukraine 1156, and Romania have 553 pending cases. For Hungary this number is 205.
The state court awarded 14.5 million euros in damages to the Russian state last year, followed by Italy with 12.5 million euros, with Turkey 11.5 million and Slovakia with 5.9 million. Hungary had to pay roughly one million euros in damages in 2017.
The Strasbourg-based Council of Europe is an organization with a total of 47 countries, which are completely separate from the institutional system of the European Union, primarily active in the field of democracy, the rule of law and human rights. The ECtHR may act in cases where the complainant has already exhausted all legal possibilities in his home country and claims that he or she has suffered a breach of any of the rights enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights.
Source: MTI / Image: chronika.ro /