A unique project in the world has completely disarmed the South Georgia island under the British sovereignty of the Atlantic, the British media said on Wednesday.
The invasive species, which threatened the unusual wildlife of the island, especially its bird world, appeared on the island in the 19th century when it became a base of sailors, seafaring and whaling hunters. The crew of the ships did not even know that rats and mice came to the island.
The Guardian reports that the spread of rodents had a dramatic impact on the bird world: there are no trees on the island, the birds are nestled on the ground, and since they did not expect predators, their eggs and themselves became a prana.
There are two bird species on the South Georgia island that are not found elsewhere in the world: the South-Georgian anthus, which is part of the spider-man’s order, and the wreckage. These species are also in danger, like the penguins and other marine bird populations.
The decade of the island’s deconstruction began with the ten millionth budget project, which has now come to an end. Mike Richardson, head of the project, announced on Wednesday that after a number of checks, the finishing research also confirmed that there are no more rats on the island.
“To the best of our knowledge, for the first two and a half centuries, the island is free of rats,” he said.
The project spawned the island in three phases with hundreds of tonnes of poisoned bait destroying the rats. The task was not easy, it happened several times that even though a population was wiped out, another emerged.
The last dose of poison has been dispersed for two years, scientists have been constantly investigating whether the rats appear. New Zealand was also trained by specially trained dogs. Dogs smuggling over the rats have been studying about 2,500 kilometers with their owners, often in extremely harsh weather conditions.
It was only after the project was declared successful after no evidence of any hidden hippopotamus or mice.
The project was led by the South Georgia Heritage Foundation, a public benefit organization set up to protect the island, joined by the American Association of Friends of the South Georgia Island. The UK government also supported the business, but most of the funding was provided by private funds and charitable donors. Thousands of tourists visiting the island have contributed to the success of the program with significant donations.
Scientists are confident that a successful model can serve, for example, in extinction of invasive species threatening local indigenous species in other parts of the world.
In 1775, Captain Cook made the first record of the island of Southern Georgia at one of his discoveries. In the prehistoric age of whaling, about two thousand people lived on the island, but nowadays only two of the large research base staff make up the population.
The island is about 160 kilometers long and has 350 hectares, most of it is covered with snow and ice.
The island is home to the world’s almost complete herbaceous stock, and half the elephant population lives there as well as four endangered species of penguins and about 30 million birds, with 81 species nesting there.